Swedish website Logotyp, test för depression : formulär med penna

Test of depression: PHQ-9

Hello! My name is Jonas Evander and I'm a clinical psychologist practicing at Afobia in Stockholm, Sweden. Afobia is a clinic where we treat phobias and fears. My passion is to spread knowledge about health and mental well-being.

bild på Jonas Evander, Clinical Psychologist, MsC.

Introduction

The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) is a self-rating scale that is frequently used in American and European healthcare.

It consists of nine questions and was designed by Robert L. Spitzer Ph.D, Janet B.W. Williams Ph.D, Kurt Kroenke Ph.D, and colleagues.

The depression-test can not substitute the assessment of a medical professional. While it is not possible to diagnose depression solely with the test it might give you an indication of your current health.

Regardless what result you get on the test it is important that you seek professional help if you are worried about your health. Good luck!

Test of depression - PHQ-9

"My explanations of the questions are written in grey font. They are not part of the official test. The purpose of the explanations is to increase your understanding of depression."

1. Over the last 2 weeks, how often have you been bothered by any of the following problems?

a. Little interest or pleasure in doing things

"It can be difficult to find the motivation to do activities that you usually enjoy. Even everyday chores can feel difficult to handle."

b. Feeling down, depressed, or hopeless

"When you are depressed you rarely feel happy sometimes even when it comes to the things you usually enjoy in life."

c. Trouble falling or staying asleep, or sleeping too much

"You can also awaken more often than usual during the night."

d. Feeling tired or having little energy

"A lack of energy is a common characteristic of depression."

e. Poor appetite or overeating

f. Feeling bad about yourself — or that you are a failure or have let yourself or your family down

"During a depressive episode it's common to be self-critical."

g. Trouble concentrating on things, such as reading the newspaper or watching television

"To not be able to focus on what's important and meaningful."

h. Moving or speaking so slowly that other people could have noticed? Or the opposite — being so fidgety or restlessthat you have been moving around a lot more than usual

"Some people become very slow while others have a hard time standing still."

i. Thoughts that you would be better off dead or of hurting yourself in some way

"Thoughts about death are not uncommon when you are depressed. If you have actual plans of taking your life you should seek immediate medical attention."

2. If you checked off any problems, how difficult have these problems made it for you to do your work, take care of things at home, or get along with other people?

Interpretation

Total points: 0

American comparison data:

0-9 points: you are most likely not depressed.

10-14 points: it's not certain but possible that you are depressed.

15-27 points: your answers indicate that you are depressed.

Recommendation: Regardless of your result you are encouraged to seek proffessional attention if you are worried about your health.

Recommended reading

PHQ-9 authors and copyright

The test PHQ-9 was originally developed by Robert L. Spitzer, Janet B.W. Williams, Kurt Kroenke, and colleagues, with and educational grant from Pfizer Inc.

No permission is no longer required from Pfizer to reproduce, translate, show och distribute the PHQ-9.